Importing Food to the US

FDA Regulations for Shipping Food to the US

Ensure speedy customs clearance and earliest delivery when shipping food to the US. DHL helps you understand the latest FDA and US customs regulations.
Examples of commodities the FDA consider to be food include:
  • Dietary supplements and dietary ingredients
  • Infant formula (baby food)
  • Beverages including alcoholic beverages and bottled water
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Fish and seafood
  • Dairy products and shell eggs
  • Raw agricultural commodities for use as food or components of food
  • Canned and frozen foods
  • Live food animals
  • Bakery goods, snack foods, candy and chewing gum
  • Animal feed and pet food
The following are exempt from Prior Notice requirements:
  • Meat food products, poultry products and egg products that are subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and comply with the USDA rules and regulations
  • Food that was made by an individual in his/her personal residence and sent by that individual as a personal gift (i.e. for non-business reasons) to an individual in the United States. FDA recently expanded exemptions (or authorized enforcement discretion) to include all personal food shipments. These are shipments sent person to person for non-commercial purposes.
Examples include:
  • Food in household goods, including military, civilian, governmental agency, and diplomatic transfers;
  • Food purchased by a traveler and mailed or shipped to the traveler's U.S. address by the traveler;
  • Gifts purchased at a commercial establishment and shipped by the purchaser, not the commercial establishment;
  • Food contained in diplomatic pouches.
Note: This does not include shipments sent from a retailer or distributor to an individual. Such shipments do require Prior Notice.
Samples of food for non-consumption valued below $200 have also been identified as exempt from PN requirements. This would include shipments clearly identified as samples destined for food manufacturers or testing labs, but would not include shipments to retailers or individuals.
The FDA has the sole authority to determine the scope of the covered commodities. Further details are available on the FDA Website.
All facilities that manufacture, process, pack, or hold food for human or animal consumption in the United States must register with the FDA.
Each registration must include:
  • the name, address and phone number for the facility and its parent company (if applicable);
  • the name, address and phone number of the owner operator or agent in charge;
  • all trade names the facility uses;
  • applicable food product categories; and
  • a statement certifying that the information submitted is true and accurate and that the person is authorized to submit the registration.
  • All non-US facilities must also designate a U.S. Agent who must live or maintain a place of business in the U.S. and be physically present in the U.S. for purposes of registration.
When any required element of a facility's registration changes, an update must be submitted within 60 days of the change.
DHL Express USA Inc can file Prior Notice for individual shipments (see Section 4 below), but does not offer registration services. Customers can register direct with the FDA at the FDA Website
DHL will require submission of a Prior Notice confirmation number or the required data elements to submit a Prior Notice application on the shipping documentation at the time of pick up.
The FDA also allows food importers to submit the Prior Notice application directly. Prior notice must be submitted electronically at the FDA Website
The "Required Information for FDA Prior Notice Submission" can be completed and included with the shipping documents to ensure all details necessary are available.
In addition to standard invoice requirements, the following elements must be included on the shipping invoice and be available at the time of pick up:
  • Identification of each article of food, including the common or usual name or market name, the quantity described at the smallest package size, and the lot or code numbers or other identifier.
  • In order to be able to submit a proper Prior Notice DHL requires English language description of each food item shipped. (The FDA product code, if known (available from the FDA Website, will speed up the process.)
  • Complete name and address of the manufacturer or grower and their FDA registration number (if available)
  • Country of production
  • Complete name and address of shipper and their FDA registration number (if available)
  • Complete name and address of the importer, purchaser or ultimate consignee and their FDA registration numbers (if available)
The "Required Information for FDA Prior Notice Submission" can be completed and included with the shipping documents to ensure all details necessary are available.
Note that a separate prior notice is required for each article of food when any of the above items varies or changes. This also includes changes in the size or kind of packaging or container.
DHL will require a copy of the prior notice confirmation to accompany the shipment. The confirmation number must also be clearly identified on the shipping invoice. The DHL waybill should state Food or Foodstuff.
Food that is imported or offered for import with inadequate Prior Notice is subject to refusal and holding at the port or in secure storage. The FDA will provide its staff with enforcement guidelines containing the Agency's policies on injunctions, prosecution, seizure, destruction, fines, and penalties related to failure to provide timely and accurate Prior Notice.
The USA's "Public Health Security and Bio-terrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002," (also known as the bio-terrorism Act or BTA) includes provisions designed to protect the United States against bio-terrorist threats to its food supply including food from foreign sources.
As a result, US Customs can return or abandon all shipments that do not comply with all required provisions. The US government will enforce all fines/penalties described for non-compliance.
This law has two major provisions impacting DHL Express Customers:
  • Registration of Facilities: The FDA will require that domestic and foreign facilities that manufacture, process, pack, or hold food for human or animal consumption in the United States register with the FDA. US based farms, retail facilities, restaurants and non-profit food facilities in which food is prepared for or served directly to the consumer are exempt from these requirements.
  • Prior Notice of Importation of Food: The FDA will require that US purchasers or US importers or their agents submit to the FDA prior notice on the importation of food. Prior notice must be submitted no less than four hours before flight arrival but may not be submitted more than five days prior to shipment arrival.
Registration and Prior Notice has a significant impact on the trading community. This document aims to provide an overview of the relevant provisions that may impact on you as customers of DHL Express.
Further guidance on the relevant requirements and the assistance that DHL can provide is available through your local DHL office. Further details on the Act and the Notices of Proposed Rulemaking are available on the FDA Website.
Should you have any questions regarding this change, please do not hesitate to contact your local DHL Office.
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