Importing Food to the US
FDA Regulations for Shipping Food to the US
Ensure speedy customs clearance and earliest delivery when shipping food to the US. DHL helps you understand the latest FDA and US customs regulations.
The USA's "Public Health Security and Bio-terrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002," (also known as the bio-terrorism Act or BTA) includes provisions designed to protect the United States against bio-terrorist threats to its food supply including food from foreign sources.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released regulations in response to the Bioterrorism Act of 2002 (BTA) outlining specific requirements on the importation of food and food products.
As a result, US Customs can return or abandon all shipments that do not comply with all required provisions. The US government will enforce all fines/penalties described for non-compliance.
This law has two major provisions impacting DHL Express Customers:
Registration of Facilities: The FDA will require that domestic and foreign facilities that manufacture, process, pack, or hold food for human or animal consumption in the United States register with the FDA. US based farms, retail facilities, restaurants and non-profit food facilities in which food is prepared for or served directly to the consumer are exempt from these requirements.
Prior Notice of Importation of Food: The FDA will require that US purchasers or US importers or their agents submit to the FDA prior notice on the importation of food. Prior notice must be submitted no less than four hours before flight arrival but may not be submitted more than five days prior to shipment arrival.
Registration and Prior Notice has a significant impact on the trading community. This document aims to provide an overview of the relevant provisions that may impact on you as customers of DHL Express.
|Who needs to register?
All facilities that manufacture, process, pack, or hold food for human or animal consumption in the United States must register with the FDA.
|How can customers register their company facilities details with the FDA?
DHL Express USA Inc can file Prior Notice for individual shipments (see Section 4 below), but does not offer registration services. Customers can register direct with the FDA at the FDA Website
|When is it required?
FDA requires prior notice for all Food products presented to import into the United States. Prior notice must be submitted no less than four hours before flight arrival but may not be submitted more than five days prior to shipment arrival.
|What types of commodities are covered?
Examples of commodities the FDA consider to be food include:
Dietary supplements and dietary ingredients
Beverages including alcoholic beverages and bottled water
Fruits and vegetables
Fish and seafood
Dairy products and shell eggs
Raw agricultural commodities for use as food or components of food
Canned and frozen foods
Live food animals
Bakery goods, snack foods, sweets and chewing gum
Animal feed and pet food
|What types of commodities are exempted?
The following are exempt from Prior Notice requirements:
Meat food products, poultry products and egg products that are subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and comply with the USDA rules and regulations
Food that was made by an individual in his/her personal residence and sent by that individual as a personal gift (i.e. for non-business reasons) to an individual in the United States. FDA recently expanded exemptions (or authorised enforcement discretion) to include all personal food shipments. These are shipments sent person to person for non-commercial purposes.
Food in household goods, including military, civilian, governmental agency, and diplomatic transfers;
Food purchased by a traveller and mailed or shipped to the traveller's U.S. address by the traveller;
Gifts purchased at a commercial establishment and shipped by the purchaser, not the commercial establishment;
Food contained in diplomatic pouches.
Note: This does not include shipments sent from a retailer or distributor to an individual. Such shipments do require Prior Notice. (See also "Gift Baskets" below)
The FDA has the sole authority to determine the scope of the covered commodities. Further details are available on the FDA Website
|How can customers ensure that the FDA receives timely prior notice?
DHL will require submission of a Prior Notice confirmation number or the required data elements to submit a Prior Notice application on the shipping documentation at the time of collection.
The FDA also allows food importers to submit the Prior Notice application directly. Prior notice must be submitted electronically at the FDA Website
|Are there any other information requirements?
In addition to standard invoice requirements, the following elements must be included on the shipping invoice and be available at the time of collection:
Identification of each article of food, including the common or usual name or market name, the quantity described at the smallest package size, and the lot or code numbers or other identifier.
In order to be able to submit a proper Prior Notice DHL requires English language description of each food item shipped. (The FDA product code, if known (available from the FDA Website, will speed up the process.)
Complete name and address of the manufacturer or grower and their FDA registration number (if available)
Country of production
Complete name and address of shipper and their FDA registration number (if available)
Complete name and address of the importer, purchaser or ultimate consignee and their FDA registration numbers (if available)
The "Required Information for FDA Prior Notice Submission" can be completed and included with the shipping documents to ensure all details necessary are available.
Note that a separate prior notice is required for each article of food when any of the above items varies or changes. This also includes changes in the size or kind of packaging or container.
|What information does DHL require if customers choose to submit prior notification directly to the FDA?
DHL will require a copy of the prior notice confirmation to accompany the shipment. The confirmation number must also be clearly identified on the shipping invoice. The DHL waybill should state Food or Foodstuff.
|What will occur if customers do not follow the above requirements?
Food that is imported or offered for import with inadequate Prior Notice is subject to refusal and holding at the port or in secure storage. The FDA will provide its staff with enforcement guidelines containing the Agency's policies on injunctions, prosecution, seizure, destruction, fines, and penalties related to failure to provide timely and accurate Prior Notice.
Should you have any questions regarding this change, please do not hesitate to contact your local DHL Office. Additionally, please find an enclosed list of questions and answers which may also be of assistance.